Headache is a situation that is complained by everyone from time to time. But if you experience headaches every day or more than a few days a week, you may be experiencing chronic daily headaches. Chronic headache is a headache that causes limitation in daily life. Long-term and effective treatment in chronic daily headaches can be successful by reducing the frequency and severity of pain.
What are the causes of headaches?
The answer to the question of what are the causes of headache varies according to the type of headache. For example; In primary type headaches, genetically susceptible individuals, environmental factors create an activation in the brain. This activation makes the brain vessels expand and chemicals are released. These stimulate the nerves, causing pain.
There can be many different causes under secondary type headaches. For example, infections (sinus, ear, cerebral inflammations), damage to blood vessels (aneurysm, malformations, vascular occlusion), tumors, hypertension are just a few of these reasons. Therefore, determining the cause of secondary headaches is vital.
In addition, women may experience headaches during menstruation. Apart from that, stress is an important trigger factor.
Causes of constant headaches
It should be investigated whether there is a secondary cause in continuous pain. If the pains have been persistent in patients with previous periodic pain, the possibility that the patient may have used a lot of pain medication or underlying psychological causes should be considered.
When should you consult an expert?
Headache may be a sign of life-threatening conditions such as meningitis, stroke, and encephalitis in some cases. If you are experiencing a headache that suddenly develops or gradually increases in severity for the first time in your life, you should go to a hospital’s emergency department or call 112 as soon as possible.
Confusion or difficulty understanding speech
High fever, more than 39-40 ° C
Numbness, weakness on one side of your body
Defect of vision
Imbalance in walking
Nausea or vomiting (clearly not linked to flu or other cause),
How many types of headaches are there?
The International Headache Society has classified headaches into 14 main groups and hundreds of subgroups. Headaches that appear directly with a headache and are not related to any other disease are primary headaches. These are migraine, tension type, and cluster headaches. Secondary headaches are headaches that occur during the course of diseases such as brain vascular diseases, nervous system diseases, brain tumors, eye diseases, sinusitis, meningitis, the cause of which is 10 percent, depending on a particular disease.
Tension Type Headache
This most common headache is not related to any other disease and its cause is unknown. There is no damage to the brain and neurological findings are not visible.
A tension headache causes a feeling of pressure as if there is a band around the head.
This pain is felt mild to moderate, manifested primarily in weight and pressure. Stress, insomnia and work environment can trigger pain.
Migraine Type Headache
Migraine is generally a severe form of headache. The symptoms that distinguish migraine from other headaches are:
It comes in seizures and may have pioneering symptoms called ‘aura’ at the beginning,
Pain is accompanied by nausea and vomiting,
It can cover half or all of the head,
It can be very rare or it can come several times a week.
What are the features of migraine?
Usually the pain is on one side of the head
Pain is throbbing, moderate or severe
Nausea, vomiting happens
Comes in crisis (attacks)
Pain lasts from 4 to 72 hours
Visual disturbances occur at the beginning of pain (in aura type)
Pain increases with head movements and physical activity
Do not be disturbed by light and sound
How many types of migraine are there?
It is generally divided into two groups. Pre-specified migraine and migraine without aura. Only 10 percent of migraines have aura.