Health

Smoking and its harms to human health

 

The damage to the body of the cigarette is too many to count. Cigarette smoke contains more than 4800 different substances, most of which are toxic and carcinogenic. If smoke is inhaled, these toxins are absorbed by the lungs and distributed throughout the body. Smoking is one of the most important risk factors for non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory system diseases, cancer and type 2 diabetes.

Tobacco use does not only increase the risk of respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases or cancer. It damages all organs and tissues in the body by lowering the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood and disrupting the vascular structure. The damages of smoking briefly affect the whole body.

 

What are the physical damages of smoking?


DAMAGE OF CIGARETTE TO THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Substances in cigarette smoke cause inflammatory reactions in the respiratory tract, irritate the bronchi and increase the tendency to infection. It damages the self-cleaning mechanism of the respiratory tract.

DAMAGES TO THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Smoking is one of the most preventable causes of vascular stiffness. Smoking provides a ground for harmful plaque formation and vascular occlusion that prevents blood flow in the blood vessels. It reduces the oxygen content of the blood and in this way affects the oxygenation of all organs.

As a result, the rate of contracting a heart attack, stroke or peripheral artery disease increases significantly. The risk of having a heart attack is about two times higher in smokers than non-smokers.

THE EFFECTS OF CIGARETTE ON SKIN HEALTH

The skin of smokers has a gray, pale and unhealthy appearance. Nicotine negatively affects skin health by weakening blood circulation to the skin. Cigarette smoke also contains substances that damage skin cells. As a result, the skin becomes thinner, loses its elasticity, wrinkles early and ages. Smoking also causes an increase in skin problems such as eczema or acne.

EFFECTS OF CIGARETTE ON ORAL AND DENTAL HEALTH

The tar in tobacco smoke causes yellowing of teeth and unpleasant brown spots. Smoking makes the oral cavity suitable for some bacteria to reproduce. Growing bacteria cause bad breath and dental caries, as well as gum disease that can lead to premature tooth loss. Reduced blood flow to the gums due to smoking and suppression in the immune system also accelerates the formation of external gum problems.

BRAIN DAMAGE TO CIGARETTE

Smoking causes vascular stiffness and negatively affects brain function. The risk of stroke and brain bleeding is increased in smokers. Smokers are twice the risk of death from brain vein occlusion or brain hemorrhage. Smoking weakens memory and negatively affects learning and logical thinking. The risk of depression and alzheimer’s is also increased in smokers.

 

How long does the harm of smoking pass?

Experts say that as soon as individuals who have smoked have decided to quit smoking and put it into practice, the body begins to renew itself.

After 24 hours, carbon monoxide is removed from the body.

After 48 hours, nicotine is completely cleared from the body, the skin renews itself.

Body blood circulation is regulated at the end of 2-12 weeks.

 

Treatment Options

Psychotherapy
Nicotine replacement therapy Pharmacotherapy (drug therapy)
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (tTMU) Treatment (with Psychiatric Consultation)

Other methods

The treatment process in our smoking cessation clinic will take 2 months, and this is a package program. In the first month, the patient will quit smoking step by step, and in the second month, necessary measures will be taken to prevent the patient from starting to smoke again.

 

 

 

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